A Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) was carried out for each the case study products. The aim of the assessment was to provide strategic insights relevant for the purpose of the study, with the focus on carbon and water footprints.
The assessment covered the full product life cycle including:
The study adopted a process-LCA based approach (ISO 14040/44). Calculations were based on the data provided by case study participants. The type of data provided included:
Dr Brad Ridoutt, alongside the adaptive value chains team, has published the results of this analysis in an open-access paper: Climate Change Adaptation Strategy in the Food Industry—Insights from Product Carbon and Water Footprints.